Systematic name M4665
Brief description Genes down-regulated in glomeruli of kidneys from patients with diabetic nephropathy (type 2 diabetes mellitus).
Full description or abstract BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a frequent complication in patients with diabetes mellitus. To find improved intervention strategies in this disease, it is necessary to investigate the molecular mechanisms involved. To obtain more insight into processes that lead to DN, messenger RNA expression profiles of diabetic glomeruli and glomeruli from healthy individuals were compared. METHODS: Two morphologically normal kidneys and 2 kidneys from patients with DN were used for the study. Glomerular RNA was hybridized in duplicate on Human Genome U95Av2 Arrays (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA). Several transcripts were tested further in independent patient groups and at the protein level by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Ninety-six genes were upregulated in diabetic glomeruli, whereas 519 genes were downregulated. The list of overexpressed genes in DN includes aquaporin 1, calpain 3, hyaluronoglucosidase, and platelet/endothelial cell adhesion molecule. The list of downregulated genes includes bone morphogenetic protein 2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor 1, insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2, and nephrin. A decrease in VEGF and nephrin could be validated at the protein level and also at the RNA level in renal biopsy specimens from 5 additional patients with diabetes. CONCLUSION: Results of oligonucleotide microarray analyses on control and diabetic glomeruli are presented and discussed in their relation to vascular damage, mesangial matrix expansion, proliferation, and proteinuria. Our findings suggest that progression of DN might result from diminished tissue repair capability.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 15042541   Authors: Baelde HJ,Eikmans M,Doran PP,Lappin DW,de Heer E,Bruijn JA
Exact source pathology/kidney/diabeticnephropathy/
Related gene sets (show 1 additional gene sets from the source publication)
External links
Filtered by similarity ?
Source species Homo sapiens
Contributed by John Newman (University of Washington)
Source platform or
identifier namespace
Dataset references (show 1 datasets)
Download gene set format: grp | gmt | xml | json | TSV metadata
Compute overlaps ? (show collections to investigate for overlap with this gene set)
Compendia expression profiles ? NG-CHM interactive heatmaps
(Please note that clustering takes a few seconds)
GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)

Legacy heatmaps (PNG)
GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
Advanced query Further investigate these 437 genes
Gene families ? Categorize these 437 genes by gene family
Show members (show 513 source identifiers mapped to 437 genes)
Version history 3.0: Renamed from DIAB_NEPH_DN

See MSigDB license terms here. Please note that certain gene sets have special access terms.