For the Mouse gene set with the same name, see BIOCARTA_EIF2_PATHWAY

Systematic name M6924
Brief description Regulation of eIF2
Full description or abstract Protein phosphorylation plays an important role in the control of translation by eukaryotic initiation factor-2 (eIF-2). eIF-2 binds GTP and Met-tRNAi and transfers the Met-tRNA to the 40S subunit, to form the 43S preinitiation complex. Later in the cycle, prior to elongation, the bound GTP is hydrolyzed , releasing eIF-2-GDP. For eIF-2 to promote another round of initiation, GDP must be exchanged for GTP, a reaction catalyzed by eIF-2B. Kinases activated by viral infection (PKR), endoplasmic reticulum stress (PERK/PEK), amino acid deprivation (GCN2), and hemin deficiency (HRI) can phosphorylate the a subunit of eIF-2. This phosphorylation stabilizes the eIF-2-GDP-eIF-2B complex, inhibiting the turnover of eIF-2B. eIF-2B is also inhibited by GSK-3b phosphorylation. These events result in a shut-down of cellular protein synthesis and can lead to apoptosis.
Collection C2: Curated
      CP: Canonical Pathways
            CP:BIOCARTA: BioCarta Pathways
Source publication  
Exact source  
Related gene sets  
External links
Filtered by similarity ?
Source species Homo sapiens
Contributed by BioCarta
Source platform or
identifier namespace
Dataset references  
Download gene set format: grp | gmt | xml | json | TSV metadata
Compute overlaps ? (show collections to investigate for overlap with this gene set)
Compendia expression profiles ? GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
Advanced query Further investigate these 10 genes
Gene families ? Categorize these 10 genes by gene family
Show members (show 16 source identifiers mapped to 10 genes)
Version history 7.0: Changed members. Upgraded to final version of Biocarta.

See MSigDB license terms here. Please note that certain gene sets have special access terms.