Systematic name M1394
Brief description GATA3 participate in activating the Th2 cytokine genes expression
Full description or abstract CD4+ helper T cells differentiate into distinct subtypes, Th1 and Th2 cells. Th2 cells are involved in the response to extracellular helminthe parasites and allergic responses and secrete a distinct set of cytokines including IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13. The development and differentiation of T cells is influenced by many factors, including transcription factors such as GATA-3, a transcription factor associated with induction of Th2 cells. Factors that increase cAMP levels in Th2 cells activate p38 kinase, which phosphorylates and activates GATA-3 independently of PKA. Cells expressing GATA-3 develop the profile of Th2 cells, secreting IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13. These cytokines are found in a gene cluster together and are regulated coordinately by GATA-3. Binding of GATA-3 in the regulatory regions of these genes alters chromatin structure, increasing accessibility to other transcription factors. Activation of the T cell receptor through interaction with antigen on antigen presenting cells activates NFAT and other transcription factors that cooperate with GATA-3 in inducing Th2 cell differentiation. Dominant negative GATA-3 can repress the secretion of these cytokines and block the airway inflammation that causes asthma. Blocking GATA-3 action such as through antisense treatment has been suggested as a therapeutic strategy to treat asthma. GATA-3 has also been implicated in developmental processes such as the development of the inner ear.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CP: canonical pathways
            CP:BIOCARTA: BioCarta gene sets
Source publication  
Exact source  
Related gene sets  
External links
Filtered by similarity
Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by BioCarta
Dataset references  
Download gene set format: grp | text | gmt | gmx | xml
Compute overlaps (show collections to investigate for overlap with this gene set)
Compendia expression profiles GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
Advanced query Further investigate these 14 genes
Gene families Categorize these 14 genes by gene family
Show members (show 47 members mapped to 14 genes)
Version history 7.0: Changed members. Upgraded to final version of Biocarta.

See MSigDB license terms here. Please note that certain gene sets have special access terms.