Systematic name M8731
Brief description Aspirin Blocks Signaling Pathway Involved in Platelet Activation
Full description or abstract Activation of the protease-activated GPCRs in platelets contributes to platelet activation in clotting. The protease-activated receptors PAR1 and PAR4 are cleaved by the protease thrombin, releasing a tethered peptide ligand that activates the receptor and triggers intracellular calcium release. Platelets from mice lacking the PAR4 gene are not activated by thrombin and are impaired in clotting, supporting the importance of thrombin signaling through PAR4 in clotting. Human platelets express both PAR1 and PAR4, with PAR1 playing a more dominant role in clotting in humans. Calcium release induced by PARs activates PKC, modulating integrin alpha IIB beta 3 (glycoprotein IIb/IIIa) and opening integrin ligand binding sites to contribute to platelet aggregation. Intracellular calcium increases induced by thrombin activates phospholipase A2, liberating arachidonic acid, the first step in prostaglandin and thromboxane biosynthesis. Ras/Map kinase activation by the PAR receptors also activates phospholipase A2. The activation of PAR-induced platelet aggregation is inhibited by aspirin, indicating that thromboxane production induced by PAR signaling contributes to platelet activation. Arachidonic acid is converted to the prostaglandin PGG2 by the enzyme Cox-1 in platelets, and Cox-1 is inhibited by aspirin, reducing thromboxane A2 production by platelets. Thromboxane is a potent vasoconstrictor and platelet activator, so inhibition of Cox-1 in platelets by aspirin may explain some of the cardioprotective actions of aspirin.
Collection C2: Curated
      CP: Canonical Pathways
            CP:BIOCARTA: BioCarta Pathways
Source publication  
Exact source  
Related gene sets  
External links
Filtered by similarity ?
Source species Homo sapiens
Contributed by BioCarta
Source platform or
identifier namespace
Dataset references  
Download gene set format: grp | gmt | xml | json | TSV metadata
Compute overlaps ? (show collections to investigate for overlap with this gene set)
Compendia expression profiles ? NG-CHM interactive heatmaps
(Please note that clustering takes a few seconds)
GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)

Legacy heatmaps (PNG)
GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
Advanced query Further investigate these 16 genes
Gene families ? Categorize these 16 genes by gene family
Show members (show 39 source identifiers mapped to 16 genes)
Version history 7.0: Changed members. Upgraded to final version of Biocarta.

See MSigDB license terms here. Please note that certain gene sets have special access terms.