Systematic name M13008
Brief description Genes exclusively down-regulated in fibroblasts expressing the TTD mutant form of ERCC3 [GeneID=2071], after UVC irradiation.
Full description or abstract Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) and trichothiodystrophy (TTD) syndromes are characterized by deficiency in nucleotide excision repair pathway, but with distinguished clinical manifestations. While XP patients exhibit a high frequency of skin cancer, TTD patients are not cancer prone. The relation between lack of DNA repair and their clinical manifestations was investigated through analysis of the transcriptional profile of 12,600 transcripts in two isogenic cell lines with different capabilities of DNA repair. These cell lines result from a stable transfection of the XPB-TTD allele into XP complementation group B fibroblasts, from an XP patient who also have clinical abnormalities corresponding to Cockayne's syndrome (CS). The microarray assays performed under normal growth conditions showed the expression of distinct groups of genes in each cell line. The UVC-transcription modulation of these cells revealed the changes in 869 transcripts. Some of these transcripts had similar modulation pattern in both cells, although with eventually different time patterns for induction or repression. However, some different 'UVC signature' for each cell line was also found, that is, transcripts that were specifically UV regulated depending on the DNA repair status of the cell. These results provide a detailed portrait of expression profiles that may potentially unravel the causes of the different phenotypes of XP/CS and TTD patients.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 15608684   Authors: da Costa RM,Riou L,Paquola A,Menck CF,Sarasin A
Exact source Table 4, 2S (XP/CS signature): SLR 4h =< -1 or SLR 8h =< -1
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Source species Homo sapiens
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