Systematic name M14557
Brief description Genes up-regulated by expression of GAB2 [GeneID=9846] in K562 cells (chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell line with p210 BCR-ABL [GeneID=613;25]).
Full description or abstract In the blast crisis phase of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), Bcr-Abl(+) myeloblasts fail to undergo terminal maturation. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk) mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase has been shown to mediate terminal differentiation of myeloid cells. Interestingly, Bcr-Abl(+) CML cell lines established from blast crisis were found to have low Erk MAP kinase activity. In this study, we analyzed the role of the Gab2 docking protein in regulation of the Erk MAP kinase in Bcr-Abl(+) K562 human CML cells. Overexpression of Gab2 in K562 cells resulted in transcriptional activation of the c-fos serum response element (SRE) promoter, whereas overexpression of SHP2, Grb2, and CrkL had no effect. Activation of the c-fos SRE transcriptional activity by Gab2 required tyrosine 604, which is a SHP2 docking site on Gab2, and the SHP2 tyrosine phosphatase activity. Elk1, c-Jun, and CHOP trans-reporting assays indicated that overexpression of Gab2 selectively activated the Erk2-Elk1 signaling pathway. To determine cellular consequences of elevating the Gab2 level in K562 cells, stable cell lines for doxycycline-inducible expression of the wild-type Gab2 (Gab2WT) and an SHP2-binding defective Gab2 (Gab2Tyr604Phe) were established. Analysis of these cell lines indicated that induction of Gab2WT expression, but not Gab2Tyr604Phe expression, led to Erk activation, growth arrest, cell spreading, and enlargement; expression of megakaryocyte/platelet lineage-specific integrins alphaIIb/beta3 (CD41/CD61); and upregulation of RNA for megakaryocyte/platelet proteins. All of these changes are characteristics of megakaryocytic differentiation. Together, these results reveal Gab2 as a limiting signaling component for Erk MAP kinase activation and terminal differentiation of K562 CML cells.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 11830491   Authors: Dorsey JF,Cunnick JM,Mane SM,Wu J
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Source species Homo sapiens
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Version history 3.0: Renamed from DORSEY_DOXYCYCLINE_UP

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