Systematic name M4785
Brief description Genes down-regulated in monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MDDC) after stimulation with galecin-1 (lectin, LGALS1) [GeneID=3956] compared to that with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS).
Full description or abstract Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent mediators of the immune response, and can be activated by exogenous pathogen components. Galectin-1 is a member of the conserved beta-galactoside-binding lectin family that binds galactoside residues on cell surface glycoconjugates. Galectin-1 is known to play a role in immune regulation via action on multiple immune cells. However, its effects on human DCs are unknown. In this study, we show that galectin-1 induces a phenotypic and functional maturation in human monocyte-derived DCs (MDDCs) similar to but distinct from the activity of the exogenous pathogen stimuli, LPS. Immature human MDDCs exposed to galectin-1 up-regulated cell surface markers characteristic of DC maturation (CD40, CD83, CD86, and HLA-DR), secreted high levels of IL-6 and TNF-alpha, stimulated T cell proliferation, and showed reduced endocytic capacity, similar to LPS-matured MDDCs. However, unlike LPS-matured DCs, galectin-1-treated MDDCs did not produce the Th1-polarizing cytokine IL-12. Microarray analysis revealed that in addition to modulating many of the same DC maturation genes as LPS, galectin-1 also uniquely up-regulated a significant subset of genes related to cell migration through the extracellular matrix (ECM). Indeed, compared with LPS, galectin-1-treated human MDDCs exhibited significantly better chemotactic migration through Matrigel, an in vitro ECM model. Our findings show that galectin-1 is a novel endogenous activator of human MDDCs that up-regulates a significant subset of genes distinct from those regulated by a model exogenous stimulus (LPS). One unique effect of galectin-1 is to increase DC migration through the ECM, suggesting that galectin-1 may be an important component in initiating an immune response.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 16785517   Authors: Fulcher JA,Hashimi ST,Levroney EL,Pang M,Gurney KB,Baum LG,Lee B
Exact source Table 1S
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (MSigDB Team)
Source platform AFFY_HG_U133
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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