Human Gene Set: GSE20715_0H_VS_6H_OZONE_LUNG_DN

Standard name GSE20715_0H_VS_6H_OZONE_LUNG_DN
Systematic name M4365
Brief description Genes down-regulated in comparison of lung tissue from wild type mice subjected to ozone for 0 h versus that from wild type mice subjected to ozone for 6 h.
Full description or abstract We previously identified toll-like receptor 4 (Tlr4) as a candidate gene responsible for ozone (O3)-induced pulmonary hyperpermeability and inflammation. The objective of this study was to determine the mechanism through which TLR4 modulates O3-induced pulmonary responses and to utilize transcriptomics to determine TLR4 effector molecules. C3H/HeJ (HeJ; Tlr4 mutant) and C3H/HeOuJ (OuJ; Tlr4 normal), mice were exposed continuously to 0.3 ppm O3 or filtered air for 6, 24, 48 or 72 hr. Affymetrix Mouse430A_MOE gene arrays were used to analyze lung homogenates from HeJ and OuJ mice followed using a bioinformatic analysis. Inflammation was assessed by bronchoalveolar lavage and molecular analysis by ELISA, immunoblotting, and transcription factor activity. TLR4 signals through both the MYD88-dependent and independent pathways in OuJ mice, which involves MAP kinase activation, NF-kappaB, AP-1, and KC. Microarray analyses identifiedTLR4 responsive genes for strain and time in OuJ versus HeJ mice (p<0.05). One significantly upregulated cluster of genes in OuJ were the heat shock proteins (Hspa1b; Hsp70), Hsp90ab1). Furthermore, O3-induced expression of HSP70 protein was increased in OuJ compared to HeJ mice following 24-48 h O3. Moreover, BAL polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) and total protein were significantly reduced in response to O3 in Hspa1a/Hspa1btm1Dix (Hsp70-/-) compared to Hsp70+/+ mice (p<0.05). TLR4 signaling (MYD88-dependent), ERK1/2, AP-1 activity, and KC protein content were also significantly reduced after O3 exposure in Hsp70-/- compared to Hsp70+/+ mice (p<0.05). These studies suggest that HSP70 is involved in the regulation of O3-induced lung inflammation through the TLR4 pathway and provide evidence that HSP70 is an endogenous in vivo TLR4 ligand.
Collection C7: Immunologic Signature
      IMMUNESIGDB: ImmuneSigDB
Source publication Pubmed 21543283   Authors: Bauer AK,Rondini EA,Hummel KA,Degraff LM,Walker C,Jedlicka AE,Kleeberger SR
Exact source GSE20715_2076_200_DN
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Source species Mus musculus
Contributed by Jernej Godec (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute)
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Version history 7.3: Moved to ImmuneSigDB sub-collection.

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