Systematic name M10292
Brief description Genes up-regulated in MCF7-ADR cell line (breast cancer) resistant to docetaxel [PubChem=148124].
Full description or abstract Drug resistance acquired by cancer cells has led to treatment failure. To understand the regulatory network underlying docetaxel resistance in breast cancer cells and to identify molecular targets for therapy, we tested small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) against 36 genes whose expression was elevated in human nonresponders to docetaxel for the ability to promote apoptosis of docetaxel-resistant human breast cancer cells (MCF7-ADR cells). The results indicate that the downregulation of the gene encoding ribophorin [corrected] II (RPN2), which is part of an N-oligosaccharyl transferase complex, most efficiently induces apoptosis of MCF7-ADR cells in the presence of docetaxel. RPN2 silencing induced reduced glycosylation of the P-glycoprotein, as well as decreased membrane localization, thereby sensitizing MCF7-ADR cells to docetaxel. Moreover, in vivo delivery of siRNA specific for RPN2 markedly reduced tumor growth in two types of models for drug resistance. Thus, RPN2 silencing makes cancer cells hypersensitive response to docetaxel, and RPN2 might be a new target for RNA interference-based therapeutics against drug resistance.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18724378   Authors: Honma K,Iwao-Koizumi K,Takeshita F,Yamamoto Y,Yoshida T,Nishio K,Nagahara S,Kato K,Ochiya T
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