Gene Set: JAZAERI_BREAST_CANCER_BRCA1_VS_BRCA2_UP

Standard name JAZAERI_BREAST_CANCER_BRCA1_VS_BRCA2_UP
Systematic name M2202
Brief description Up-regulated genes distinguishing between breast cancer tumors with mutated BRCA1 [GeneID=672] from those with mutated BRCA2 [GeneID=675].
Full description or abstract BACKGROUND: Germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 are responsible for 5%-10% of epithelial ovarian cancers, but the molecular pathways affected by these mutations are unknown. We used complementary DNA (cDNA) microarrays to compare gene expression patterns in ovarian cancers associated with BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations with gene expression patterns in sporadic epithelial ovarian cancers and to identify patterns common to both hereditary and sporadic tumors. METHODS: Tumor samples from 61 patients with pathologically confirmed epithelial ovarian adenocarcinoma with matched clinicopathologic features were studied, including 18 with BRCA1 founder mutations, 16 with BRCA2 founder mutations, and 27 without either founder mutation (termed sporadic cancers). The cDNA microarrays contained 7651 sequence-verified features. Gene expression data were analyzed with a modified two-sided F test, with P<.0001 considered statistically significant. The expression level of six genes was also studied with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The greatest contrast in gene expression was observed between tumors with BRCA1 mutations and those with BRCA2 mutations; 110 genes showed statistically significantly different expression levels (P<.0001). This group of genes could segregate sporadic tumors into two subgroups, BRCA1-like and BRCA2-like, suggesting that BRCA1-related and BRCA2-related pathways are also involved in sporadic ovarian cancers. Fifty-three genes were differentially expressed between tumors with BRCA1 mutations and sporadic tumors; six of the 53 mapped to Xp11.23 and were expressed at higher levels in tumors with BRCA1 mutations than in sporadic tumors. Compared with the immortalized ovarian surface epithelial cells used as reference, several interferon-inducible genes were overexpressed in the majority of tumors with a BRCA mutation and in sporadic tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 may lead to carcinogenesis through distinct molecular pathways that also appear to be involved in sporadic cancers. Sporadic carcinogenic pathways may result from epigenetic aberrations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 or their downstream effectors.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 12096084   Authors: Jazaeri AA,Yee CJ,Sotiriou C,Brantley KR,Boyd J,Liu ET
Exact source Fig. 3
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by John Newman (University of Washington)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Version history 3.0: Renamed from BRCA2_BRCA1_UP

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