Gene Set: KEGG_MELANOGENESIS

Standard name KEGG_MELANOGENESIS
Systematic name M7761
Brief description Melanogenesis
Full description or abstract Cutaneous melanin pigment plays a critical role in camouflage, mimicry, social communication, and protection against harmful effects of solar radiation. Melanogenesis is under complex regulatory control by multiple agents. The most important positive regulator of melanogenesis is the MC1 receptor with its ligands melanocortic peptides. MC1R activates the cyclic AMP (cAMP) response-element binding protein (CREB). Increased expression of MITF and its activation by phosphorylation (P) stimulate the transcription of tyrosinase (TYR), tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TYRP1), and dopachrome tautomerase (DCT), which produce melanin. Melanin synthesis takes place within specialized intracellular organelles named melanosomes. Melanin-containing melanosomes then move from the perinuclear region to the dendrite tips and are transferred to keratinocytes by a still not well-characterized mechanism.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CP: canonical pathways
            CP:KEGG: KEGG gene sets
Source publication  
Exact source hsa04916
Related gene sets  
External links http://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa04916.html
Filtered by similarity
Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes)
Source platform Human_NCBI_Gene_ID
Dataset references  
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