Gene Set: KEGG_PATHOGENIC_ESCHERICHIA_COLI_INFECTION

Standard name KEGG_PATHOGENIC_ESCHERICHIA_COLI_INFECTION
Systematic name M2333
Brief description Pathogenic Escherichia coli infection
Full description or abstract Eenteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) are closely related pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli. The hallmark of EPEC/EHEC infections is induction of attaching and effacing (A/E) lesions that damage intestinal epithelial cells. The capacity to form A/E lesions is encoded mainly by the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) pathogenicity island. Tir, Map, EspF, EspG are known LEE-encoded effector proteins secreted via the type III secretion system, which is also LEE-encoded, into the host cell. EPEC and EHEC Tir's link the extracellular bacterium to the cell cytoskeleton. Map and EspF are involved in mitochondrion membrane permeabilization. EspG interacts with tubulins and stimulates microtubule destabilization. LEE-encoded adhesin or intimin (Eae) is exported via the general secretory pathway to the periplasm, where it is inserted into the outer membrane. In addition to Tir, two potential host cell-carried intimin receptors, beta1 integrin (ITGB1) and nucleolin (NCL), have so far been identified. The distinguishing feature of EHEC is the elaboration of Shiga-like toxin (Stx). Stx cleaves ribosomal RNA, thereby disrupting protein synthesis and killing the intoxicated epithelial or endothelial cells.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CP: canonical pathways
            CP:KEGG: KEGG gene sets
Source publication  
Exact source hsa05130
Related gene sets  
External links http://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway/hsa/hsa05130.html
Filtered by similarity
Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes)
Source platform Human_NCBI_Gene_ID
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