Systematic name M16010
Brief description Genes down-regulated in H1975 cells (non-small cell lung cancer, NSCLC) resistant to gefitinib [PubChem=123631] after treatment with EGFR inhibitor CL-387785 [PubChem=2776] for 24h.
Full description or abstract Activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase domain determine responsiveness to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The modulation of transcriptional pathways by mutant EGFR signaling is not fully understood. Previously, we and others identified a single base pair change leading to a threonine to methionine (T790M) amino acid alteration in the ATP-binding pocket of the EGFR as a common mechanism of acquired resistance. The gefitinib-resistant, T790M-mutant H1975 NSCLC cell line undergoes prominent growth arrest and apoptosis when treated with the irreversible EGFR inhibitor, CL-387,785. We did a transcriptional profiling study of mutant EGFR target genes that are differentially expressed in the resistant gefitinib-treated and the sensitive CL387,785-treated H1975 cells to identify the pivotal transcriptional changes in NSCLC with EGFR-activating mutations. We identified a small subset of early gene changes, including significant reduction of cyclin D1 as a result of EGFR inhibition by CL-387,785 but not by gefitinib. The reduction in cyclin D1 transcription was associated with subsequent suppression of E2F-responsive genes, consistent with proliferation arrest. Furthermore, cyclin D1 expression was higher in EGFR-mutant lung cancer cells compared with cells with wild-type EGFR. EGFR-mutant cells were routinely sensitive to the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor flavopiridol, confirming the functional relevance of the cyclin D axis. These studies suggest that cyclin D1 may contribute to the emergence of EGFR-driven tumorigenesis and can be an alternative target of therapy.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 17145885   Authors: Kobayashi S,Shimamura T,Monti S,Steidl U,Hetherington CJ,Lowell AM,Golub T,Meyerson M,Tenen DG,Shapiro GI,Halmos B
Exact source Table 2S
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Source species Homo sapiens
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