Systematic name M1269
Brief description Genes down-regulated in ESFT cells (Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors) after knockdown of CD99 [GeneID=4267] by RNAi.
Full description or abstract High CD99 expression levels and rearrangements of the EWS gene with ETS transcription factor genes characterize the Ewing's sarcoma family of tumors (ESFT). CD99 is a cell surface glycoprotein whose engagement has been implicated in cell proliferation as well as upregulation and transport of several transmembrane proteins in hematopoietic cells. In ESFT, antibody ligation of CD99 induces fast homotypic cell aggregation and cell death although its functional role in these processes remains largely unknown. Here, using an RNAi approach, we studied for the first time the consequences of modulated CD99 expression in six different ESFT cell lines, representing the most frequent variant forms of EWS gene rearrangement. CD99 suppression resulted in growth inhibition and reduced migration of ESFT cells. Among genes whose expression changes in response to CD99 modulation, the potassium-channel modulatory factor KCMF1 was consistently upregulated. In a series of 22 primary ESFT, KCMF1 expression levels inversely correlated with CD99 abundancy. Cells forced to express ectopic KCMF1 showed a similar reduction in migratory ability as CD99 silenced ESFT cells. Our results suggest that in ESFT, high CD99 expression levels contribute to the malignant properties of ESFT by promoting growth and migration of tumor cells and identify KCMF1 as a potential metastasis suppressor gene downregulated by high constitutive CD99 expression in ESFT.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 16314831   Authors: Kreppel M,Aryee DN,Schaefer KL,Amann G,Kofler R,Poremba C,Kovar H
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (MSigDB Team)
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Version history 3.1: First introduced

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