Gene Set: KUWANO_RNA_STABILIZED_BY_NO

Standard name KUWANO_RNA_STABILIZED_BY_NO
Systematic name M2381
Brief description Transcripts stabilized by NO [PubChem=145068] identified as up-regulated by NO [PubChem=145068] in the presence of actinomycin D [PubChemiD=2019] in IMR-90 and NIH 3T3 cells (fibroblast).
Full description or abstract We previously observed that nitric oxide (NO) exposure increases the stability of mRNAs encoding heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and TIEG-1 in human and mouse fibroblasts. Here, we have used microarrays to look broadly for changes in mRNA stability in response to NO treatment. Using human IMR-90 and mouse NIH 3T3 fibroblasts treated with actinomycin D to block de novo transcription, microarray analysis suggested that the stability of the majority of mRNAs was unaffected. Among the mRNAs that were stabilized by NO treatment, seven transcripts were found in both IMR-90 and NIH 3T3 cells (CHIC2, GADD45B, HO-1, PTGS2, RGS2, TIEG, and ID3) and were chosen for further analysis. All seven mRNAs showed at least one hit of a signature motif for the stabilizing RNA-binding protein (RBP) HuR; accordingly, ribonucleoprotein immunoprecipitation analysis revealed that all seven mRNAs associated with HuR. In keeping with a functional role of HuR in the response to NO, a measurable fraction of HuR increased in the cytoplasm following NO treatment. However, among the seven transcripts, only HO-1 mRNA showed a robust increase in the level of its association with HuR following NO treatment. In turn, HO-1 mRNA and protein levels were significantly reduced when HuR levels were silenced in IMR-90 cells, and they were elevated when HuR was overexpressed. In sum, our results indicate that NO stabilizes mRNA subsets in fibroblasts, identify HuR as an RBP implicated in the NO response, reveal that HuR alone is insufficient for stabilizing several mRNAs by NO, and show that HO-1 induction by NO is regulated by HuR.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 19289500   Authors: Kuwano Y,Rabinovic A,Srikantan S,Gorospe M,Demple B
Exact source Fig. 2A
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Organism Mus musculus
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (MSigDB Team)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Version history 3.1: First introduced

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