Systematic name M5914
Brief description Genes associated with metastasis of breast cancer in the lung compared to the non-lung metastasis.
Full description or abstract The lungs are a frequent target of metastatic breast cancer cells, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are unclear. All existing data were obtained either using statistical association between gene expression measurements found in primary tumors and clinical outcome, or using experimentally derived signatures from mouse tumor models. Here, we describe a distinct approach that consists of using tissue surgically resected from lung metastatic lesions and comparing their gene expression profiles with those from nonpulmonary sites, all coming from breast cancer patients. We show that the gene expression profiles of organ-specific metastatic lesions can be used to predict lung metastasis in breast cancer. We identified a set of 21 lung metastasis-associated genes. Using a cohort of 72 lymph node-negative breast cancer patients, we developed a 6-gene prognostic classifier that discriminated breast primary cancers with a significantly higher risk of lung metastasis. We then validated the predictive ability of the 6-gene signature in 3 independent cohorts of breast cancers consisting of a total of 721 patients. Finally, we show that the signature improves risk stratification independently of known standard clinical variables and a previously established lung metastasis signature based on an experimental breast cancer metastasis model.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18676831   Authors: Landemaine T,Jackson A,Bellahcène A,Rucci N,Sin S,Abad BM,Sierra A,Boudinet A,Guinebretière JM,Ricevuto E,Noguès C,Briffod M,Bièche I,Cherel P,Garcia T,Castronovo V,Teti A,Lidereau R,Driouch K
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Source species Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (MSigDB Team)
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Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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