Systematic name M10276
Brief description Genes down-regulated in the neural crest stem cells (NCS), defined as p75+/HNK1+ [GeneID=4804;27087].
Full description or abstract Vertebrate neural crest development depends on pluripotent, migratory precursor cells. Although avian and murine neural crest stem (NCS) cells have been identified, the isolation of human NCS cells has remained elusive. Here we report the derivation of NCS cells from human embryonic stem cells at the neural rosette stage. We show that NCS cells plated at clonal density give rise to multiple neural crest lineages. The human NCS cells can be propagated in vitro and directed toward peripheral nervous system lineages (peripheral neurons, Schwann cells) and mesenchymal lineages (smooth muscle, adipogenic, osteogenic and chondrogenic cells). Transplantation of human NCS cells into the developing chick embryo and adult mouse hosts demonstrates survival, migration and differentiation compatible with neural crest identity. The availability of unlimited numbers of human NCS cells offers new opportunities for studies of neural crest development and for efforts to model and treat neural crest-related disorders.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18037878   Authors: Lee G,Kim H,Elkabetz Y,Al Shamy G,Panagiotakos G,Barberi T,Tabar V,Studer L
Exact source Table 2S
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Source species Homo sapiens
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