Systematic name M972
Brief description Up-regulated at 4 hours following treatment of mouse lymphocytes (TK 3.7.2C) with a high dose of methyl methanesulfonate (MMS)
Full description or abstract Exposure to DNA-damaging agents can elicit a variety of stress-related responses that may alter the gene expression of numerous biological pathways. We used Affymetrix microarrays to detect gene expression changes in mouse lymphoma (L5178Y) and human lymphoblastoid (TK6) cells in response to methyl methanesulfonate (MMS; a prototypical alkylating agent) and bleomycin (a prototypical oxidative mutagen). Cells were treated for 4 hr, and RNA was isolated either at the end of the treatment or after a 20-hr recovery period. Two concentrations of each agent were used based on cytotoxicity levels and Tk mutant frequencies. Our microarray data analysis indicated that MMS and bleomycin gene expression responses were considerably different in mouse cells versus human cells. The results also suggested that more comprehensive cellular responses to MMS and bleomycin occurred in TK6 cells than in L5178Y cells. In contrast to L5178Y cells, the response of TK6 cells to MMS and bleomycin was characterized by the induction of p53-dependent genes that are involved in DNA repair, cell cycle regulation, and apoptosis. It appears that the induction of DNA damage by MMS in human TK6 cells mediated cytotoxicity and led to decreased cell survival. This may explain the greater sensitivity of TK6 cells to cytotoxic effects of MMS compared to L5178Y cells. Bleomycin exerted comparable cytotoxic effects in the two cell lines. Overall, these studies were unable to identify distinctive gene expression changes that differentiated bleomycin from MMS in either TK6 cells or mouse lymphoma cells.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 15515172   Authors: Islaih M,Li B,Kadura IA,Reid-Hubbard JL,Deahl JT,Altizer JL,Watson DE,Newton RK
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Source species Mus musculus
Contributed by John Newman (University of Washington)
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