Gene Set: MOLENAAR_TARGETS_OF_CCND1_AND_CDK4_UP

Standard name MOLENAAR_TARGETS_OF_CCND1_AND_CDK4_UP
Systematic name M11763
Brief description Genes commonly up-regulated in SK-N-BE cells (neuroblastoma) after RNAi knockdown of CCND1 and CDK4 [GeneID=595;1019].
Full description or abstract Genomic aberrations of Cyclin D1 (CCND1), CDK4, and CDK6 in neuroblastoma indicate that dysregulation of the G(1) entry checkpoint is an important cell cycle aberration in this pediatric tumor. Here, we report that analysis of Affymetrix expression data of primary neuroblastic tumors shows an extensive overexpression of Cyclin D1, which correlates with histologic subgroups. Immunohistochemical analysis showed overexpression of Cyclin D1 in neuroblasts and low Cyclin D1 expression in all cell types in ganglioneuroma. This suggests an involvement of G(1)-regulating genes in neuronal differentiation processes which we further evaluated using RNA interference against Cyclin D1 and its kinase partners CDK4 and CDK6 in several neuroblastoma cell lines. The Cyclin D1 and CDK4 knockdown resulted in pRb pathway inhibition as shown by an almost complete disappearance of CDK4/CDK6-specific pRb phosphorylation, reduction of E2F transcriptional activity, and a decrease of Cyclin A protein levels. Phenotype analysis showed a significant reduction in cell proliferation, a G(1)-specific cell cycle arrest, and, moreover, an extensive neuronal differentiation. Affymetrix microarray profiling of small interfering RNA-treated cells revealed a shift in expression profile toward a neuronal phenotype. Several new potential downstream players are identified. We conclude that neuroblastoma functionally depend on overexpression of G(1)-regulating genes to maintain their undifferentiated phenotype.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18413728   Authors: Molenaar JJ,Ebus ME,Koster J,van Sluis P,van Noesel CJ,Versteeg R,Caron HN
Exact source Table 2A
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (MSigDB Team)
Source platform AFFY_HG_U133
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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