Systematic name M3218
Brief description Top 50 genes up-regulated in ovarian cancer progenitor cells (also known as side population, SP, cells) in response to interferon alpha (IFNA).
Full description or abstract The side population (SP), recently identified in several normal tissues and in a variety of tumors based on its ability to extrude some fluorescent dyes, may comprise cells endowed with stem cell features. In this study, we investigated the presence of SP in epithelial ovarian cancer and found it in 9 of 27 primary tumor samples analyzed, as well as in 4 of 6 cultures from xenotransplants. SP cells from one xenograft bearing a large SP fraction were characterized in detail. SP cells had higher proliferation rates, were much less apoptotic compared with non-SP cells, and generated tumors more rapidly than non-SP cells. We also investigated the effects of IFN-alpha, a cytokine that has widely been used to treat solid tumors, on epithelial ovarian cancer cells and observed that IFN-alpha exerted marked antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects on primary cultures containing high numbers of SP cells. In vitro, IFN-alpha treatment invariably caused a dramatic reduction in SP size in tumor cell lines of different origins; moreover, IFN-alpha treatment of purified SP cells was associated with a distinctive change in their transcriptional profile. Gene therapy with human IFN-alpha resulted in regression of established tumors bearing a large SP fraction, which was not observed when tumors bearing low SP levels were treated. These findings could have relevant clinical implications because they imply that tumors bearing large SP numbers, albeit rare, could be sensitive to IFN-alpha treatment.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18632618   Authors: Moserle L,Indraccolo S,Ghisi M,Frasson C,Fortunato E,Canevari S,Miotti S,Tosello V,Zamarchi R,Corradin A,Minuzzo S,Rossi E,Basso G,Amadori A
Exact source Table 2S
Related gene sets (show 74 gene sets from the same authors)
External links
Filtered by similarity ?
Source species Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (MSigDB Team)
Source platform or
identifier namespace
Dataset references (show 2 datasets)
Download gene set format: grp | gmt | xml | json | TSV metadata
Compute overlaps ? (show collections to investigate for overlap with this gene set)
Compendia expression profiles ? NG-CHM interactive heatmaps
(Please note that clustering takes a few seconds)
GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)

Legacy heatmaps (PNG)
GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
Advanced query Further investigate these 31 genes
Gene families ? Categorize these 31 genes by gene family
Show members (show 50 source identifiers mapped to 31 genes)
Version history 3.0: First introduced

See MSigDB license terms here. Please note that certain gene sets have special access terms.