Gene Set: PETROVA_ENDOTHELIUM_LYMPHATIC_VS_BLOOD_UP

Standard name PETROVA_ENDOTHELIUM_LYMPHATIC_VS_BLOOD_UP
Systematic name M1461
Brief description Genes up-regulated in LEC (lymphatic endothelial cells) compared to BEC (blood endothelial cells).
Full description or abstract Lymphatic vessels are essential for fluid homeostasis, immune surveillance and fat adsorption, and also serve as a major route for tumor metastasis in many types of cancer. We found that isolated human primary lymphatic and blood vascular endothelial cells (LECs and BECs, respectively) show interesting differences in gene expression relevant for their distinct functions in vivo. Although these phenotypes are stable in vitro and in vivo, overexpression of the homeobox transcription factor Prox-1 in the BECs was capable of inducing LEC-specific gene transcription in the BECs, and, surprisingly, Prox-1 suppressed the expression of approximately 40% of the BEC-specific genes. Prox-1 did not have global effects on the expression of LEC-specific genes in other cell types, except that it up-regulated cyclin E1 and E2 mRNAs and activated the cyclin e promoter in various cell types. These data suggest that Prox-1 acts as a cell proliferation inducer and a fate determination factor for the LECs. Furthermore, the data provide insights into the phenotypic diversity of endothelial cells and into the possibility of transcriptional reprogramming of differentiated endothelial cells.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 12198161   Authors: Petrova TV,Mäkinen T,Mäkelä TP,Saarela J,Virtanen I,Ferrell RE,Finegold DN,Kerjaschki D,Ylä-Herttuala S,Alitalo K
Exact source Table 3S: LYMPHATIC EC
Related gene sets (show 3 additional gene sets from the source publication)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Kevin Vogelsang (MSigDB Team)
Source platform AFFY_HG_U95
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Version history 3.1: First introduced

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