Systematic name M9224
Brief description Selected genes up-regulated in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMC) of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) compared to those with chronic hepatitis.
Full description or abstract Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is frequently associated with infiltrating mononuclear inflammatory cells. We performed laser capture microdissection of HCC-infiltrating and noncancerous liver-infiltrating mononuclear inflammatory cells in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CH-C) and examined gene expression profiles. HCC-infiltrating mononuclear inflammatory cells had an expression profile distinct from noncancerous liver-infiltrating mononuclear inflammatory cells; they differed with regard to genes involved in biological processes, such as antigen presentation, ubiquitin-proteasomal proteolysis, and responses to hypoxia and oxidative stress. Immunohistochemical analysis and gene expression databases suggested that the up-regulated genes involved macrophages and Th1 and Th2 CD4 cells. We next examined the gene expression profile of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) obtained from CH-C patients with or without HCC. The expression profiles of PBMCs from patients with HCC differed significantly from those of patients without HCC (P < 0.0005). Many of the up-regulated genes in HCC-infiltrating mononuclear inflammatory cells were also differentially expressed by PBMCs of HCC patients. Analysis of the commonly up-regulated or down-regulated genes in HCC-infiltrating mononuclear inflammatory cells and PBMCs of HCC patients showed networks of nucleophosmin, SMAD3, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen that are involved with redox status, the cell cycle, and the proteasome system, along with immunologic genes, suggesting regulation of anticancer immunity. Thus, exploring the gene expression profile of PBMCs may be a surrogate approach for the assessment of local HCC-infiltrating mononuclear inflammatory cells.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 19074895   Authors: Sakai Y,Honda M,Fujinaga H,Tatsumi I,Mizukoshi E,Nakamoto Y,Kaneko S
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