Systematic name M740
Brief description Genes down-regulated in CT60/4 cells (breast cancer reverted to normal by transfer of chromosome 8p region) vs parental MDA-MB-231 cells (deleted chromosome 8p).
Full description or abstract Several investigations have supposed that tumor suppressor genes might be located on human chromosome 8. We used microcell-mediated transfer of chromosome 8 into MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells and generated independent hybrids with strongly reduced tumorigenic potential. Loss of the transferred chromosome results in reappearance of the malignant phenotype. Expression analysis identified a set of 109 genes (CT8-ps) differentially expressed in microcell hybrids as compared to the tumorigenic MDA-MB-231 and rerevertant cells. Of these, 44.9% are differentially expressed in human breast tumors. The expression pattern of CT8-ps was associated with prognostic factors such as tumor size and grading as well as loss of heterozygosity at the short arm of chromosome 8. We identified CT8-ps networks suggesting that these genes act cooperatively to cause reversion of tumorigenicity in MDA-MB-231 cells. Our findings provide a conceptual basis and experimental system to identify and evaluate genes and gene networks involved in the development and/or progression of breast cancer.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 15580292   Authors: Seitz S,Frege R,Jacobsen A,Weimer J,Arnold W,von Haefen C,Niederacher D,Schmutzler R,Arnold N,Scherneck S
Exact source Table 1S: Log Ratio CT60/4 vs. MDA-MB-231 < 0
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (MSigDB Team)
Source platform AFFY_HG_U133
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Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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