Gene Set: WIEDERSCHAIN_TARGETS_OF_BMI1_AND_PCGF2

Standard name WIEDERSCHAIN_TARGETS_OF_BMI1_AND_PCGF2
Systematic name M2316
Brief description Genes up-regulated in DAOY cells (medulloblastoma) upon knockdown of both BMI1 and PCGF2 [GeneID=648] [GeneID=7703] by RNAi.
Full description or abstract Bmi-1 and Mel-18 are structural homologues that belong to the Polycomb group of transcriptional regulators and are believed to stably maintain repression of gene expression by altering the state of chromatin at specific promoters. While a number of clinical and experimental observations have implicated Bmi-1 in human tumorigenesis, the role of Mel-18 in cancer cell growth has not been investigated. We report here that short hairpin RNA-mediated knockdown of either Bmi-1 or Mel-18 in human medulloblastoma DAOY cells results in the inhibition of proliferation, loss of clonogenic survival, anchorage-independent growth, and suppression of tumor formation in nude mice. Furthermore, overexpression of both Bmi-1 and Mel-18 significantly increases the clonogenic survival of Rat1 fibroblasts. In contrast, stable downregulation of Bmi-1 or Mel-18 alone does not affect the growth of normal human WI38 fibroblasts. Proteomics-based characterization of Bmi-1 and Mel-18 protein complexes isolated from cancer cells revealed substantial similarities in their respective compositions. Finally, gene expression analysis identified a number of cancer-relevant pathways that may be controlled by Bmi-1 and Mel-18 and also showed that these Polycomb proteins regulate a set of common gene targets. Taken together, these results suggest that Bmi-1 and Mel-18 may have overlapping functions in cancer cell growth.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 17452456   Authors: Wiederschain D,Chen L,Johnson B,Bettano K,Jackson D,Taraszka J,Wang YK,Jones MD,Morrissey M,Deeds J,Mosher R,Fordjour P,Lengauer C,Benson JD
Exact source Table 4S: Upregulated genes in Bmi-1+ Mel-18 shRNA-expressing DAOY cells
Related gene sets (show 8 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 15 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (MSigDB Team)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Version history 3.1: First introduced

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