Human Gene Set: GRAESSMANN_APOPTOSIS_BY_SERUM_DEPRIVATION_DN

For the Mouse gene set with the same name, see GRAESSMANN_APOPTOSIS_BY_SERUM_DEPRIVATION_DN

Standard name GRAESSMANN_APOPTOSIS_BY_SERUM_DEPRIVATION_DN
Systematic name M1098
Brief description Genes down-regulated in ME-A cells (breast cancer) undergoing apoptosis upon serum starvation (5% to 0% FCS) for 22 hr.
Full description or abstract Impairment of the complex regulatory network of cell death and survival is frequently the reason for therapy resistance of breast cancer cells and a major cause of tumor progression. We established two independent cell lines from a fast growing mouse breast tumor (WAP-SVT/t transgenic animal). Cells from one line (ME-A cells) are sensitive to apoptotic stimuli such as growth factor depletion or treatment with antitumor agents (e.g. doxorubicin). Cells from the second line (ME-C cells), which carry a missense mutation at the p53 codon 242, are very insensitive to apoptotic stimuli. Co-cultivation experiments revealed that the ME-C cells mediate cell death resistance to the ME-A cells. Microarray and Western blot analysis showed that osteopontin (OPN) is selectively overexpressed by the ME-C cells. This glycoprotein is the most abundant protein secreted by the ME-C cells and we obtained strong indications that OPN is the main antiapoptotic factor. However, the OPN containing ME-C cell medium does not alter the expression level of pro- or antiapoptotic genes or known inhibitors of apoptosis (IAPs). Its signaling involves mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase (MEK)1/2 as the kinase inhibitor PD98059 restores apoptosis but not the Akt inhibitor. In the ME-A cells, mitochondrial cytochrome c release occurs with and without external apoptotic stimuli. OPN containing ME-C cell medium does not prevent the mitochondrial cytochrome c release and caspase-9 processing. In serum starved ME-A cells, the OPN containing ME-C cell medium prevents caspase-3 activation. However, in doxorubicin-treated cells, although apoptosis is blocked, it does not inhibit caspase-3. This indicates that the ME-A cells distinguish between the initial apoptotic stimuli and that the cells possess a further uncharacterized control element acting downstream from caspase-3.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 17160024   Authors: Graessmann M,Berg B,Fuchs B,Klein A,Graessmann A
Exact source Online supplement ME-ACells0PercFCS.xls
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Organism Mus musculus
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (MSigDB Team)
Source platform MOUSE_GENE_SYMBOL
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Version history 3.1: First introduced

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