Human Gene Set: GSE14308_TH1_VS_NATURAL_TREG_DN

Standard name GSE14308_TH1_VS_NATURAL_TREG_DN
Systematic name M3381
Brief description Genes down-regulated in comparison of Th1 cells versus natural regulatory T cell (Treg).
Full description or abstract Multipotential na´ve CD4+ T cells differentiate into distinct lineages including T helper 1 (Th1), Th2, Th17, and inducible T regulatory (iTreg) cells. The remarkable diversity of CD4+ T cells begs the question whether the observed changes reflect terminal differentiation with heritable epigenetic modifications or plasticity in T cell responses. We generated genome-wide histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4) and lysine 27 (H3K27) trimethylation maps in na´ve, Th1, Th2, Th17, iTreg, and natural (n)Treg cells. We found that although modifications of signature cytokine genes (Ifng, Il4, and Il17) partially conform to the expectation of lineage commitment, critical transcription factors such as Tbx21 exhibit a broad spectrum of epigenetic states, consistent with our demonstration of T-bet and IFN-gamma induction in nTreg cells. Our data suggest an epigenetic mechanism underlying the specificity and plasticity of effector and regulatory T cells and also provide a framework for understanding complexity of CD4+ T helper cell differentiation.
Collection C7: Immunologic Signature
      IMMUNESIGDB: ImmuneSigDB
Source publication Pubmed 19144320   Authors: Wei G,Wei L,Zhu J,Zang C,Hu-Li J,Yao Z,Cui K,Kanno Y,Roh TY,Watford WT,Schones DE,Peng W,Sun HW,Paul WE,O'Shea JJ,Zhao K
Exact source GSE14308_1111_200_DN
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Source species Mus musculus
Contributed by Jernej Godec (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute)
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Version history 7.3: Moved to ImmuneSigDB sub-collection.

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