Standard name GSE36527_CD69_NEG_VS_POS_TREG_CD62L_LOS_KLRG1_NEG_DN
Systematic name M9029
Brief description Genes down-regulated in KLRG1- SELL low [GeneID=10219;6402] T reg: CD69- [GeneID=969] versus CD69+ [GeneID=969].
Full description or abstract Thymic-derived natural T regulatory cells (nTregs) are characterized by functional and phenotypic heterogeneity. Recently, a small fraction of peripheral Tregs have been shown to express Klrg1, but it remains unclear the extent Klrg1 defines a unique Treg subset. Here we show that Klrg1+ Tregs represent a terminally differentiated Treg subset derived from Klrg1- Tregs. This subset is a recent antigen-responsive and a highly activated short-lived Treg population that expresses enhanced levels of Treg suppressive molecules and that preferentially resides within mucosal tissues. The development of Klrg1+ Tregs also requires extensive IL-2R signaling. This activity represents a distinct function for IL-2, independent from its contribution to Treg homeostasis and competitive fitness. These and other properties are analogous to terminally differentiated short-lived CD8+ T effector cells. Our findings suggest that an important pathway driving antigen-activated conventional T lymphocytes also operates for Tregs. Gene expression analysis was performed of this and other Treg subsets based on expression of CD62L, CD69, and Klrg1 to define the molecular properties of Klrg1+ Tregs and its relationship to other Treg subsets found in the peripheral immune tissues.
Collection C7: Immunologic Signature
      IMMUNESIGDB: ImmuneSigDB
Source publication Pubmed 22786769   Authors: Cheng G,Yuan X,Tsai MS,Podack ER,Yu A,Malek TR
Exact source GSE36527_2968_200_DN
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Source species Mus musculus
Contributed by Jernej Godec (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute)
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Version history 7.3: Moved to ImmuneSigDB sub-collection.

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