Systematic name M5773
Brief description Genes down-regulated in dendritic cells (DC) from spleen versus those from intestine.
Full description or abstract The intestinal immune system must elicit robust immunity against harmful pathogens but restrain immune responses directed against commensal microbes and dietary antigens. The mechanisms that maintain this dichotomy are poorly understood. Here we describe a population of CD11b+F4/80+CD11c? macrophages in the lamina propria (LP) that express several anti-inflammatory molecules including interleukin 10 (IL-10), but little or no pro-inflammatory cytokines, even upon stimulation with Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligands. These macrophages induced, in a manner dependent on IL-10, retinoic acid and exogenous transforming growth factor-?, differentiation of FoxP3+ regulatory T cells. In contrast, LP CD11b+ dendritic cells elicited IL-17 production. This IL-17 production was suppressed by LP macrophages, indicating that a dynamic interplay between these subsets may influence the balance between immune activation and tolerance. Splenic or small intestine lamina propria CD11b+11c- cells were isolated for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to determine the unique genetic profile of small intestine lamina propria CD11b+11c- cells.
Collection C7: Immunologic Signature
      IMMUNESIGDB: ImmuneSigDB
Source publication Pubmed 17873879   Authors: Denning TL,Wang YC,Patel SR,Williams IR,Pulendran B
Exact source GSE8868_1524_200_DN
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Source species Mus musculus
Contributed by Jernej Godec (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute)
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Version history 7.3: Moved to ImmuneSigDB sub-collection.

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