Systematic name M41202
Brief description Genes down-regulated in peripheral blood mononuclear cell vaccinated vs unvaccinated in adolescent/young adults (11-22) after exposure to M-M-R II , time point 7Y
Full description or abstract BACKGROUND: There are insufficient system-wide transcriptomic (or other) data that help explain the observed inter-individual variability in antibody titers after measles vaccination in otherwise healthy individuals. METHODS: We performed a transcriptome(mRNA-Seq)-profiling study after in vitro viral stimulation of PBMCs from 30 measles vaccine recipients, selected from a cohort of 764 schoolchildren, based on the highest and lowest antibody titers. We used regression and network biology modeling to define markers associated with neutralizing antibody response. RESULTS: We identified 39 differentially expressed genes that demonstrate significant differences between the high and low antibody responder groups (p-value <= 0.0002, q-value <= 0.092), including the top gene CD93 (p < 1.0E-13, q < 1.0E-09), encoding a receptor required for antigen-driven B-cell differentiation, maintenance of immunoglobulin production and preservation of plasma cells in the bone marrow. Network biology modeling highlighted plasma cell survival (CD93, IL6, CXCL12), chemokine/cytokine activity and cell-cell communication/adhesion/migration as biological processes associated with the observed differential response in the two responder groups. CONCLUSION: We identified genes and pathways that explain in part, and are associated with, neutralizing antibody titers after measles vaccination. This new knowledge could assist in the identification of biomarkers and predictive signatures of protective immunity that may be useful in the design of new vaccine candidates and in clinical studies.
Collection C7: Immunologic Signature
      VAX: HIPC Vaccine Response
Source publication Pubmed 27529750   Authors: Haralambieva IH,Zimmermann MT,Ovsyannikova IG,Grill DE,Oberg AL,Kennedy RB,Poland GA
Exact source S2 Table
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(show 29 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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