Human Gene Set: MIKHAYLOVA_OXIDATIVE_STRESS_RESPONSE_VIA_VHL_UP


Standard name MIKHAYLOVA_OXIDATIVE_STRESS_RESPONSE_VIA_VHL_UP
Systematic name M2263
Brief description Proteins significantly induced by oxidative stress (hydrogen peroxide [PubChem=784] in 786-O cells (renal clear cell carcinoma, RCC) expressing VHL [GeneID=7428].
Full description or abstract Human renal clear cell carcinoma (RCC) is frequently associated with loss of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor (pVHL), which inhibits ubiquitylation and degradation of the alpha subunits of hypoxia-inducible transcription factor. pVHL also ubiquitylates the large subunit of RNA polymerase II, Rpb1, phosphorylated on serine 5 (Ser5) within the C-terminal domain (CTD). A hydroxylated proline 1465 within an LXXLAP motif located N-terminal to the CTD allows the interaction of Rpb1 with pVHL. Here we report that in RCC cells, pVHL regulates expression of Rpb1 and is necessary for low-grade oxidative-stress-induced recruitment of Rpb1 to the DNA-engaged fraction and for its P1465 hydroxylation, phosphorylation, and nondegradative ubiquitylation. Egln-9-type prolyl hydroxylases, PHD1 and PHD2, coimmunoprecipitated with Rpb1 in the chromatin fraction of VHL(+) RCC cells in response to oxidative stress, and PHD1 was necessary for P1465 hydroxylation while PHD2 had an inhibitory effect. P1465 hydroxylation was required for oxidative-stress-induced Ser5 phosphorylation of Rpb1. Importantly, overexpression of wild-type Rpb1 stimulated formation of kidney tumors by VHL(+) cells, and this effect was abolished by P1465A mutation of Rpb1. These data indicate that through this novel pathway involving P1465 hydroxylation and Ser5 phosphorylation of Rbp1, pVHL may regulate tumor growth.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18285459   Authors: Mikhaylova O,Ignacak ML,Barankiewicz TJ,Harbaugh SV,Yi Y,Maxwell PH,Schneider M,Van Geyte K,Carmeliet P,Revelo MP,Wyder M,Greis KD,Meller J,Czyzyk-Krzeska MF
Exact source Fig. 8A
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (MSigDB Team)
Source platform Human_NCBI_Gene_ID
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Version history 3.1: First introduced

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