Systematic name M2408
Brief description Genes regulated in MCF7 cells (breast cancer) by expression of the truncated (611-CTF) form of ERBB2 [GeneID=2064] at both 15 h and 60 h time points.
Full description or abstract HER2 is a tyrosine kinase receptor causally involved in cancer. A subgroup of breast cancer patients with particularly poor clinical outcomes expresses a heterogeneous collection of HER2 carboxy-terminal fragments (CTFs). However, since the CTFs lack the extracellular domain that drives dimerization and subsequent activation of full-length HER2, they are in principle expected to be inactive. Here we show that at low expression levels one of these fragments, 611-CTF, activated multiple signaling pathways because of its unanticipated ability to constitutively homodimerize. A transcriptomic analysis revealed that 611-CTF specifically controlled the expression of genes that we found to be correlated with poor prognosis in breast cancer. Among the 611-CTF-regulated genes were several that have previously been linked to metastasis, including those for MET, EPHA2, matrix metalloproteinase 1, interleukin 11, angiopoietin-like 4, and different integrins. It is thought that transgenic mice overexpressing HER2 in the mammary glands develop tumors only after acquisition of activating mutations in the transgene. In contrast, we show that expression of 611-CTF led to development of aggressive and invasive mammary tumors without the need for mutations. These results demonstrate that 611-CTF is a potent oncogene capable of promoting mammary tumor progression and metastasis.
Collection C2: Curated
      CGP: Chemical and Genetic Perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 19364815   Authors: Pedersen K,Angelini PD,Laos S,Bach-Faig A,Cunningham MP,Ferrer-Ramón C,Luque-García A,García-Castillo J,Parra-Palau JL,Scaltriti M,Ramón y Cajal S,Baselga J,Arribas J
Exact source Table 1S: Probeset average sheet: Both 611- 15h and 60h regulated
Related gene sets (show 6 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 3 gene sets from the same authors)
External links
Filtered by similarity ?
Source species Homo sapiens
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (MSigDB Team)
Source platform or
identifier namespace
Dataset references  
Download gene set format: grp | gmt | xml | json | TSV metadata
Compute overlaps ? (show collections to investigate for overlap with this gene set)
Compendia expression profiles ? NG-CHM interactive heatmaps
(Please note that clustering takes a few seconds)
GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)

Legacy heatmaps (PNG)
GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
Advanced query Further investigate these 20 genes
Gene families ? Categorize these 20 genes by gene family
Show members (show 20 source identifiers mapped to 20 genes)
Version history 3.1: First introduced

See MSigDB license terms here. Please note that certain gene sets have special access terms.