Systematic name M16718
Brief description The lung adenocarcinoma TSP (tumor sequencing project) genes with significantly higher frequencies of nonsense, splice site, and frame-shift mutations.
Full description or abstract Determining the genetic basis of cancer requires comprehensive analyses of large collections of histopathologically well-classified primary tumours. Here we report the results of a collaborative study to discover somatic mutations in 188 human lung adenocarcinomas. DNA sequencing of 623 genes with known or potential relationships to cancer revealed more than 1,000 somatic mutations across the samples. Our analysis identified 26 genes that are mutated at significantly high frequencies and thus are probably involved in carcinogenesis. The frequently mutated genes include tyrosine kinases, among them the EGFR homologue ERBB4; multiple ephrin receptor genes, notably EPHA3; vascular endothelial growth factor receptor KDR; and NTRK genes. These data provide evidence of somatic mutations in primary lung adenocarcinoma for several tumour suppressor genes involved in other cancers--including NF1, APC, RB1 and ATM--and for sequence changes in PTPRD as well as the frequently deleted gene LRP1B. The observed mutational profiles correlate with clinical features, smoking status and DNA repair defects. These results are reinforced by data integration including single nucleotide polymorphism array and gene expression array. Our findings shed further light on several important signalling pathways involved in lung adenocarcinoma, and suggest new molecular targets for treatment.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18948947   Authors: Ding L,Getz G,Wheeler DA,Mardis ER,McLellan MD,Cibulskis K,Sougnez C,Greulich H,Muzny DM,Morgan MB,Fulton L,Fulton RS,Zhang Q,Wendl MC,Lawrence MS,Larson DE,Chen K,Dooling DJ,Sabo A,Hawes AC,Shen H,Jhangiani SN,Lewis LR,Hall O,Zhu Y,Mathew T,Ren Y,Yao J,Scherer SE,Clerc K,Metcalf GA,Ng B,Milosavljevic A,Gonzalez-Garay ML,Osborne JR,Meyer R,Shi X,Tang Y,Koboldt DC,Lin L,Abbott R,Miner TL,Pohl C,Fewell G,Haipek C,Schmidt H,Dunford-Shore BH,Kraja A,Crosby SD,Sawyer CS,Vickery T,Sander S,Robinson J,Winckler W,Baldwin J,Chirieac LR,Dutt A,Fennell T,Hanna M,Johnson BE,Onofrio RC,Thomas RK,Tonon G,Weir BA,Zhao X,Ziaugra L,Zody MC,Giordano T,Orringer MB,Roth JA,Spitz MR,Wistuba II,Ozenberger B,Good PJ,Chang AC,Beer DG,Watson MA,Ladanyi M,Broderick S,Yoshizawa A,Travis WD,Pao W,Province MA,Weinstock GM,Varmus HE,Gabriel SB,Lander ES,Gibbs RA,Meyerson M,Wilson RK
Exact source Table 3aS: p<0.1
Related gene sets (show 4 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 435 gene sets from the same authors)
External links  
Filtered by similarity
Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (MSigDB Team)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
Dataset references (show 1 datasets)
Download gene set format: grp | text | gmt | gmx | xml
Compute overlaps (show collections to investigate for overlap with this gene set)
Compendia expression profiles GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
Advanced query Further investigate these 12 genes
Gene families Categorize these 12 genes by gene family
Show members (show 12 members mapped to 12 genes)
Version history 3.0: First introduced

See MSigDB license terms here. Please note that certain gene sets have special access terms.