Systematic name M2172
Brief description Cluster 5 of aberrantly hypermethylated genes in blasts from AML (acute myeloid leukemia) patients.
Full description or abstract We hypothesized that DNA methylation distributes into specific patterns in cancer cells, which reflect critical biological differences. We therefore examined the methylation profiles of 344 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Clustering of these patients by methylation data segregated patients into 16 groups. Five of these groups defined new AML subtypes that shared no other known feature. In addition, DNA methylation profiles segregated patients with CEBPA aberrations from other subtypes of leukemia, defined four epigenetically distinct forms of AML with NPM1 mutations, and showed that established AML1-ETO, CBFb-MYH11, and PML-RARA leukemia entities are associated with specific methylation profiles. We report a 15 gene methylation classifier predictive of overall survival in an independent patient cohort (p < 0.001, adjusted for known covariates).
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 20060365   Authors: Figueroa ME,Lugthart S,Li Y,Erpelinck-Verschueren C,Deng X,Christos PJ,Schifano E,Booth J,Putten van W,Skrabanek L,Campagne F,Mazumdar M,Greally JM,Valk PJ,L÷wenberg B,Delwel R,Melnick A
Exact source Table 3ES: Hypermethylated
Related gene sets (show 13 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 39 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (MSigDB Team)
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Version history 3.1: First introduced

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