Gene Set: GSE46242_TH1_VS_ANERGIC_TH1_CD4_TCELL_DN

Standard name GSE46242_TH1_VS_ANERGIC_TH1_CD4_TCELL_DN
Systematic name M9712
Brief description Genes down-regulated in CD4 [GeneID=920] Th1 cells: control versus anergic.
Full description or abstract T cell anergy is one of the mechanisms contributing to peripheral tolerance, particularly in the context of progressively growing tumors and in tolerogenic treatments promoting allograft acceptance. We recently reported that early growth response gene 2 (Egr2) is a critical transcription factor for the induction of anergy in vitro and in vivo, which was identified based on its ability to regulate the expression of inhibitory signaling molecules diacylglycerol kinase (DGK)-a and -z. We reasoned that other transcriptional targets of Egr2 might encode additional factors important for T cell anergy and immune regulation. Thus, we conducted two sets of genome-wide screens: gene expression profiling of wild type versus Egr2-deleted T cells treated under anergizing conditions, and a ChIP-Seq analysis to identify genes that bind Egr2 in anergic cells. Merging of these data sets revealed 49 targets that are directly regulated by Egr2. Among these are inhibitory signaling molecules previously reported to contribute to T cell anergy, but unexpectedly, also cell surface molecules and secreted factors, including lymphocyte-activation gene 3 (Lag3), Class-I-MHC-restricted T cell associated molecule (Crtam), Semaphorin 7A (Sema7A), and chemokine CCL1. These observations suggest that anergic T cells might not simply be functionally inert, and may have additional functional properties oriented towards other cellular components of the immune system.
Collection C7: immunologic signature gene sets
      IMMUNESIGDB: ImmuneSigDB gene sets
Source publication Pubmed 23548837   Authors: Zheng Y,Zha Y,Spaapen RM,Mathew R,Barr K,Bendelac A,Gajewski TF
Exact source GSE46242_3747_200_DN
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Organism Mus musculus
Contributed by Jernej Godec (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Version history 7.3: Moved to ImmuneSigDB sub-collection.

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