Gene Set: GSE8685_IL15_ACT_IL2_STARVED_VS_IL21_ACT_IL2_STARVED_CD4_TCELL_UP

Standard name GSE8685_IL15_ACT_IL2_STARVED_VS_IL21_ACT_IL2_STARVED_CD4_TCELL_UP
Systematic name M337
Brief description Genes up-regulated in Sez-2 cells (T cell lymphoma): IL15 [GeneID=3600] versus IL21 [GeneID=3600].
Full description or abstract In this study we compared the effects of IL-2, IL-15, and IL-21 on the gene expression, activation of cell signaling pathways, and functional properties of cells derived from the CD4+ cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). Whereas both IL-2 and IL-15 that signal through receptors that share the common gamma chain and the beta chain modulated the expression of >1,000 genes, IL-21 that signals via the receptor also containing gamma chain up-regulated <40 genes. All three cytokines induced tyrosine phosphorylation of Jak1 and Jak3. However, only IL-2 and IL-15 strongly activated STAT5, PI3K/Akt, and MEK/ERK signaling pathways. In contrast, IL-21 selectively activated STAT3. Whereas all three cytokines protected CTCL cells from apoptosis, only IL-2 and IL-15 promoted their proliferation. The effects of the cytokine stimulation were Jak3- and Jak1-kinase dependent. These findings document the vastly different impact of IL-2 and IL-15 vs. IL-21 on malignant CD4+ T cells. They also suggest two novel therapeutic approaches to CTCL and, possibly, other CD4+ T cell lymphomas: inhibition of the Jak1/Jak3 kinase complex and, given the known strong immunostimulatory properties of IL-21 on CD8+ T, NK, and B cells, application of this cytokine to boost an immune response against malignant CD4+ T cells.
Collection C7: immunologic signature gene sets
      IMMUNESIGDB: ImmuneSigDB gene sets
Source publication Pubmed 18281483   Authors: Marzec M,Halasa K,Kasprzycka M,Wysocka M,Liu X,Tobias JW,Baldwin D,Zhang Q,Odum N,Rook AH,Wasik MA
Exact source GSE8685_3178_200_UP
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jernej Godec (Dana-Farber Cancer Institute)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Version history 7.3: Moved to ImmuneSigDB sub-collection.

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