Gene Set: HEIDENBLAD_AMPLIFIED_IN_SOFT_TISSUE_CANCER

Standard name HEIDENBLAD_AMPLIFIED_IN_SOFT_TISSUE_CANCER
Systematic name M6364
Brief description Genes from selected recurrently amplified regions in soft tissue tumors with supernumerary ring chromosomes.
Full description or abstract Ring chromosomes and/or giant marker chromosomes have been observed in a variety of human tumor types, but they are particularly common in a subgroup of mesenchymal tumors of low-grade or borderline malignancy. These rings and markers have been shown to contain amplified material predominantly from 12q13-15, but also sequences from other chromosomes. Such amplified sequences were mapped in detail by genome-wide array comparative genomic hybridization in ring-containing tumor samples from soft tissue (n = 15) and bone (n = 6), using tiling resolution microarrays, encompassing 32 433 bacterial artificial chromosome clones. The DNA copy number profiles revealed multiple amplification targets, in many cases highly discontinuous, leading to delineation of large numbers of very small amplicons. A total number of 356 (median size: 0.64 Mb) amplicons were seen in the soft tissue tumors and 90 (median size: 1.19 Mb) in the bone tumors. Notably, more than 40% of all amplicons in both soft tissue and bone tumors were mapped to chromosome 12, and at least one of the previously reported recurrent amplifications in 12q13.3-14.1 and 12q15.1, including SAS and CDK4, and MDM2, respectively, were present in 85% of the soft tissue tumors and in all of the bone tumors. Although chromosome 12 was the only chromosome displaying recurrent amplification in the bone tumors, the soft tissue tumors frequently showed recurrent amplicons mapping to other chromosomes, that is, 1p32, 1q23-24, 3p11-12, 6q24-25 and 20q11-12. Of particular interest, amplicons containing genes involved in the c-jun NH2-terminal kinase/mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, that is, JUN in 1p32 and MAP3K7IP2 (TAB2) in 6q24-25, were found to be independently amplified in eight of 11 cases with 12q amplification, providing strong support for the notion that aberrant expression of this pathway is an important step in the dedifferentiation of liposarcomas.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 16732325   Authors: Heidenblad M,Hallor KH,Staaf J,Jönsson G,Borg A,Höglund M,Mertens F,Mandahl N
Exact source Table 2: soft tissue tumors
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Arthur Liberzon (MSigDB Team)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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