Systematic name M1122
Brief description Genes up-regulated in benign skin tumors (papilloma) induced by treatment with DMBA and TPA [PubChem=6001;4792] chemicals in the two stage skin carcinogenesis model.
Full description or abstract Chemically induced mouse skin carcinogenesis represents the most extensively utilized animal model to unravel the multistage nature of tumour development and to design novel therapeutic concepts of human epithelial neoplasia. We combined this tumour model with comprehensive gene expression analysis and could identify a large set of novel tumour-associated genes that have not been associated with epithelial skin cancer development yet. Expression data of selected genes were confirmed by semiquantitative and quantitative RT-PCR as well as in situ hybridization and immunofluorescence analysis on mouse tumour sections. Enhanced expression of genes identified in our screen was also demonstrated in mouse keratinocyte cell lines that form tumours in vivo. Self-organizing map clustering was performed to identify different kinetics of gene expression and coregulation during skin cancer progression. Detailed analysis of differential expressed genes according to their functional annotation confirmed the involvement of several biological processes, such as regulation of cell cycle, apoptosis, extracellular proteolysis and cell adhesion, during skin malignancy. Finally, we detected high transcript levels of ANXA1, LCN2 and S100A8 as well as reduced levels for NDR2 protein in human skin tumour specimens demonstrating that tumour-associated genes identified in the chemically induced tumour model might be of great relevance for the understanding of human epithelial malignancies as well.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 16247483   Authors: Hummerich L,Müller R,Hess J,Kokocinski F,Hahn M,Fürstenberger G,Mauch C,Lichter P,Angel P
Exact source Table 1a: Co. vs PAP > 0
Related gene sets (show 5 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 14 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Mus musculus
Contributed by Leona Saunders (MSigDB Team)
Source platform MOUSE_GENE_SYMBOL
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Version history 3.1: First introduced

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