Gene Set: ITO_PTTG1_TARGETS_DN

Standard name ITO_PTTG1_TARGETS_DN
Systematic name M2292
Brief description Genes down-regulated in HSA/c and KYSE140 cells (esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, ESCC) after knockdown of PTTG1 [GeneID=9232] by RNAi.
Full description or abstract Human pituitary tumor-transforming 1 (PTTG1)/securin is a putative oncoprotein that is overexpressed in various tumor types. However, the involvement of PTTG1 in gastrointestinal cancer development and progression remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the clinical significance and biological effects of PTTG1 in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Immunohistochemical studies performed on 113 primary ESCC specimens revealed a high prevalence of PTTG1 overexpression (60.2%), which was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (regional, P = 0.042; distant, P = 0.005), advanced tumor stage (P = 0.028), and poorer overall survival (P = 0.017, log-rank test; P = 0.044, Cox proportional hazard model). Eleven ESCC cell lines expressed PTTG1 protein at levels 2.4 to 6.6 times higher than those in normal esophageal epithelial cells (HEEpiC). PTTG1 protein expression was confined to the nucleus in HEEpiC cells but present in both the cytoplasm and nucleus in ESCC cells. Two small interfering RNAs (siRNA) inhibited PTTG1 mRNA and protein expression in three ESCC cell lines by 77% to 97%. In addition, PTTG1 down-regulation by these siRNAs significantly reduced cell motility in all three ESCC cell lines (P < 0.01) in vitro, as well as popliteal lymph node metastases of ESCC cells in nude mice (P = 0.020). Global gene expression profiling suggested that several members of the Ras and Rho gene families, including RRAS, RHOG, ARHGAP1, and ARHGADIA, represented potential downstream genes in the PTTG1 pathway. Taken together, these findings suggest that PTTG1 overexpression promotes cell motility and lymph node metastasis in ESCC patients, leading to poorer survival. Thus, PTTG1 constitutes a potential biomarker and therapeutic target in ESCCs with lymph node metastases.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18451147   Authors: Ito T,Shimada Y,Kan T,David S,Cheng Y,Mori Y,Agarwal R,Paun B,Jin Z,Olaru A,Hamilton JP,Yang J,Abraham JM,Meltzer SJ,Sato F
Exact source Table 3: Down-regulated genes
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (MSigDB Team)
Source platform Human_RefSeq
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