Gene Set: SCHLESINGER_METHYLATED_DE_NOVO_IN_CANCER

Standard name SCHLESINGER_METHYLATED_DE_NOVO_IN_CANCER
Systematic name M11288
Brief description Genes bearing H3K27me3 mark or whose promoters are bound by the polycomb proteins SUZ12 or EED [GeneID=23512;8726]; their DNA is methylated de novo in cancer.
Full description or abstract Many genes associated with CpG islands undergo de novo methylation in cancer. Studies have suggested that the pattern of this modification may be partially determined by an instructive mechanism that recognizes specifically marked regions of the genome. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis, here we show that genes methylated in cancer cells are specifically packaged with nucleosomes containing histone H3 trimethylated on Lys27. This chromatin mark is established on these unmethylated CpG island genes early in development and then maintained in differentiated cell types by the presence of an EZH2-containing Polycomb complex. In cancer cells, as opposed to normal cells, the presence of this complex brings about the recruitment of DNA methyl transferases, leading to de novo methylation. These results suggest that tumor-specific targeting of de novo methylation is pre-programmed by an established epigenetic system that normally has a role in marking embryonic genes for repression.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 17200670   Authors: Schlesinger Y,Straussman R,Keshet I,Farkash S,Hecht M,Zimmerman J,Eden E,Yakhini Z,Ben-Shushan E,Reubinoff BE,Bergman Y,Simon I,Cedar H
Exact source Table 4S
Related gene sets (show 2 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 7 gene sets from the same authors)
External links  
Filtered by similarity
Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Leona Saunders (MSigDB Team)
Source platform Human_NCBI_Gene_ID
Dataset references  
Download gene set format: grp | text | gmt | gmx | xml
Compute overlaps (show collections to investigate for overlap with this gene set)
Compendia expression profiles GTEx compendium
Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
Advanced query Further investigate these 88 genes
Gene families Categorize these 88 genes by gene family
Show members (show 88 members mapped to 88 genes)
Version history 3.0: First introduced

See MSigDB license terms here. Please note that certain gene sets have special access terms.