Gene Set: SCHLESINGER_METHYLATED_IN_COLON_CANCER

Standard name SCHLESINGER_METHYLATED_IN_COLON_CANCER
Systematic name M821
Brief description Genes expressed in normal colon; they undergo down-regulation in tumors through DNA methylation.
Full description or abstract Many genes associated with CpG islands undergo de novo methylation in cancer. Studies have suggested that the pattern of this modification may be partially determined by an instructive mechanism that recognizes specifically marked regions of the genome. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis, here we show that genes methylated in cancer cells are specifically packaged with nucleosomes containing histone H3 trimethylated on Lys27. This chromatin mark is established on these unmethylated CpG island genes early in development and then maintained in differentiated cell types by the presence of an EZH2-containing Polycomb complex. In cancer cells, as opposed to normal cells, the presence of this complex brings about the recruitment of DNA methyl transferases, leading to de novo methylation. These results suggest that tumor-specific targeting of de novo methylation is pre-programmed by an established epigenetic system that normally has a role in marking embryonic genes for repression.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 17200670   Authors: Schlesinger Y,Straussman R,Keshet I,Farkash S,Hecht M,Zimmerman J,Eden E,Yakhini Z,Ben-Shushan E,Reubinoff BE,Bergman Y,Simon I,Cedar H
Exact source Table 1
Related gene sets (show 2 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 7 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Leona Saunders (MSigDB Team)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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