Systematic name M11189
Brief description IRF4 [GeneID=3662] target genes induced after activation of primary B lymphocytes by anti-IgM crosslinking.
Full description or abstract The transcription factor IRF4 (interferon regulatory factor 4) is required during an immune response for lymphocyte activation and the generation of immunoglobulin-secreting plasma cells. Multiple myeloma, a malignancy of plasma cells, has a complex molecular aetiology with several subgroups defined by gene expression profiling and recurrent chromosomal translocations. Moreover, the malignant clone can sustain multiple oncogenic lesions, accumulating genetic damage as the disease progresses. Current therapies for myeloma can extend survival but are not curative. Hence, new therapeutic strategies are needed that target molecular pathways shared by all subtypes of myeloma. Here we show, using a loss-of-function, RNA-interference-based genetic screen, that IRF4 inhibition is toxic to myeloma cell lines, regardless of transforming oncogenic mechanism. Gene expression profiling and genome-wide chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis uncovered an extensive network of IRF4 target genes and identified MYC as a direct target of IRF4 in activated B cells and myeloma. Unexpectedly, IRF4 was itself a direct target of MYC transactivation, generating an autoregulatory circuit in myeloma cells. Although IRF4 is not genetically altered in most myelomas, they are nonetheless addicted to an aberrant IRF4 regulatory network that fuses the gene expression programmes of normal plasma cells and activated B cells.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 18568025   Authors: Shaffer AL,Emre NC,Lamy L,Ngo VN,Wright G,Xiao W,Powell J,Dave S,Yu X,Zhao H,Zeng Y,Chen B,Epstein J,Staudt LM
Exact source Fig. 4bS: Activated B cell > resting B cell
Related gene sets (show 4 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 65 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jessica Robertson (MSigDB Team)
Source platform HUMAN_GENE_SYMBOL
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Human tissue compendium (Novartis)
Global Cancer Map (Broad Institute)
NCI-60 cell lines (National Cancer Institute)
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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