Gene Set: VANTVEER_BREAST_CANCER_METASTASIS_UP

Standard name VANTVEER_BREAST_CANCER_METASTASIS_UP
Systematic name M500
Brief description Genes whose expression is significantly and positively correlated with poor breast cancer clinical outcome (defined as developing distant metastases in less than 5 years).
Full description or abstract Breast cancer patients with the same stage of disease can have markedly different treatment responses and overall outcome. The strongest predictors for metastases (for example, lymph node status and histological grade) fail to classify accurately breast tumours according to their clinical behaviour. Chemotherapy or hormonal therapy reduces the risk of distant metastases by approximately one-third; however, 70-80% of patients receiving this treatment would have survived without it. None of the signatures of breast cancer gene expression reported to date allow for patient-tailored therapy strategies. Here we used DNA microarray analysis on primary breast tumours of 117 young patients, and applied supervised classification to identify a gene expression signature strongly predictive of a short interval to distant metastases ('poor prognosis' signature) in patients without tumour cells in local lymph nodes at diagnosis (lymph node negative). In addition, we established a signature that identifies tumours of BRCA1 carriers. The poor prognosis signature consists of genes regulating cell cycle, invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis. This gene expression profile will outperform all currently used clinical parameters in predicting disease outcome. Our findings provide a strategy to select patients who would benefit from adjuvant therapy.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 11823860   Authors: van 't Veer LJ,Dai H,van de Vijver MJ,He YD,Hart AA,Mao M,Peterse HL,van der Kooy K,Marton MJ,Witteveen AT,Schreiber GJ,Kerkhoven RM,Roberts C,Linsley PS,Bernards R,Friend SH
Exact source Table 2S: correlation >= 0.3
Related gene sets (show 6 additional gene sets from the source publication)

(show 9 gene sets from the same authors)
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Jean Junior (MSigDB Team)
Source platform HUMAN_SEQ_ACCESSION
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Version history 3.0: Renamed from VANTVEER_BREAST_OUTCOME_GOOD_VS_POOR_UP

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