Gene Set: YANG_BREAST_CANCER_ESR1_UP

Standard name YANG_BREAST_CANCER_ESR1_UP
Systematic name M18299
Brief description Genes up-regulated in early primary breast tumors expressing ESR1 [GeneID=2099] vs the ESR1 negative ones.
Full description or abstract About 70-80% of breast cancers express estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha), and estrogens play important roles in the development and growth of hormone-dependent tumors. Together with lymph node metastasis, tumor size, and histological grade, ER status is considered as one of the prognostic factors in breast cancer, and an indicator for hormonal treatment. To investigate genes and pathways that are associated with ER status and epithelial cells in breast tumor, we applied laser capture microdissection (LCM) technology to capture epithelial tumor cells from 28 lymph node-negative breast tumor samples, in which 17 patients had ER-alpha+ tumors, and 11 patients have ER-alpha- tumors. Gene expression profiles were analysed on Affymetrix Hu133A GeneChip. Meanwhile, gene profiles using total RNA isolated from bulk tumors of the same 28 patients were also generated. In total, 146 genes and 112 genes with significant P-value and having significant differential expression between ER-alpha+ and ER-alpha- tumors were identified from the LCM data set and bulk tissue data set, respectively. A total of 61 genes were found to be common in both data sets, while 85 genes were unique to the LCM data set and 51 genes were present only in the bulk tumor data set. Pathway analysis with the 85 genes using Gene Ontology suggested that genes involved in endocytosis, ceramide generation, Ras/ERK/Ark cascade, and JAT-STAT pathways may play roles related to ER. The gene profiling with LCM-captured tumor cells provides a unique approach to study epithelial tumor cells and to gain an insight into signaling pathways associated with ER.
Collection C2: curated gene sets
      CGP: chemical and genetic perturbations
Source publication Pubmed 16261164   Authors: Yang F,Foekens JA,Yu J,Sieuwerts AM,Timmermans M,Klijn JG,Atkins D,Wang Y,Jiang Y
Exact source Table 1S: Relative expression +
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Organism Homo sapiens
Contributed by Leona Saunders (MSigDB Team)
Source platform HUMAN_SEQ_ACCESSION
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Version history 3.0: First introduced

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